Abortion has been a hot topic of discussion for years, and the recent involvement of the state legislatures has only fed the fire. In 1992, the Planned Parenthood v. Casey decision upheld woman’s right to an abortion without any limitations or restrictions. Ever since this decision was made, however, the local and state governments have been excessively involved; trying to close clinics and subtly place restrictions on the clinic regulations. The decision of abortion eventually comes down to ethics and morals, and how far some people will go to defend what they believe in. http://www.lexipedia.com/english/ethics
Many questions and accusations are made when discussing abortion and both sides of the argument have valid points; as the article states “The pendulum swings between right and wrong, moral and immoral but the debate continues.” Abortion cases are partially so difficult because many are based off of an individual basis. The article I read highlights the rights of the fetus versus the rights of the mother. So who gets the say? I selected this article by searching on Google search engine, since Google customizes my searches, the articles that popped up caught my eye right away. I acknowledge that the customization of my searches are based off of what I have searched in the past which probably affected what came up.
This article talks about how killing a fetus is equal to killing a “human being”; “Those against abortion argue that a fetus is very much alive like us and has the capacity to evolve into a complete human being. So killing a fetus is just like killing a human being, which is completely wrong.” The article uses ethos in this section to cause an internal conflict within the reader which makes them confront their morals and causes them to think about what justifies killing another unborn “human being”. The usage of pathos is also very prominent in this section of the article and it targets the emotional side of each individual by saying that a baby is a fetus, an innocent and powerless being that you are murdering. The article plays the card “How could you kill something so innocent and powerless, which is of your own blood?” http://www.lexipedia.com/english/fetus
The article also proposes the other side of the argument, people that believe in abortion say “there is no fixed definition of “human being” in the womb. Just because a group of living cells exist in the womb, it is not right to call it a “human being”.” The article uses logos in this section to show how logically the fetus is only a ball of cells, until a certain stage of development when it starts to feel. If the embryo is killed before its development then it is acceptable because “generally embryos start showing signs of heartbeat development in at least 21 days of conception. Hence, if killed before, it won’t amount to killing a life.” Proving that the embryo does not feel pain until about 24-21 weeks of development: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21574486. This section of the author’s argument also uses ethos, by saying that “If killing a fetus is wrong, then amputating a hand or a leg in case of accident must also amount to murder.” By making a moral comparison it causes the audience to think about their beliefs and how something of this caliber can affect them. The below graph shows the time of when women typically had abortions in 2010. In the graph it is evident that only a sliver of abortions occur after the 21 week period.
The article has both sides, pro-life using ethos and pathos, the other side using ethos and logos. The author consciously uses ethos in both arguments, because it causes a more in depth conflict of individuals and their morals. This also helps to show how the author puts his article on a neutralized ground, by discussing both sides of the ethical argument you can tell he either has no strong opinion on the subject or keeps his opinion masked. You can tell how even the article by picking the words and content he uses apart. Below shows the most common words and you can tell how the complexity of abortions and how it is such controversial subject just by the most prominent words in the article: mother, baby, killing, wrong, debate, ethics, pregnancy, fetus, right, responsibility, decision, questions. The author doesn’t want to give you the answer of whether abortion is ethically right or wrong, he just wants the audience to think more consciously of what they believe and why.
The article then discusses the rights of the mother, “after all it is her body and she as a human being has control over it.” This connects with women’s gender role and feminism and how the women own their body and have the right to do as she pleases with it. The article acknowledges that a women is a “human being” and therefore has rights. Feminist are defined as, a person who advocates the rights of women, according to lexipedia. http://www.lexipedia.com/english/feminism. These women deciding to abort are going through different situations that challenge their morals and ethics. Gender roles and feminism comes into play because most anti-abortion leaders are men. These men are taking away the rights of women. For the millionth time, it is the women’s body, not the men’s and the men will never get pregnant, unlike the female; so who gives the men permission to prevent an abortion, when it’s the woman’s body and right? In the end there is an evident tension between men and women on the subject of abortion. The power struggle between genders continues to intensify on the matter, evident in the article. http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2011/02/02/where-are-the-women-in-wikipedia/more-about-power-than-gender https://www.ted.com/talks/ash_beckham_we_re_all_hiding_something_let_s_find_the_courage_to_open_up?language=en
Overall, the article provides the audience with a bigger picture that should cause the audience to question their morals and ethics. The complexity of abortion is evident and may be a subject that is always in the grey, never black or white. Each case is individually based on the situation, which makes justification of abortion that more difficult. Now the deeper question seems to be what defines right and wrong in this case? Morally and ethically who is right and who is wrong? http://www.lexipedia.com/english/wrong http://www.lexipedia.com/english/right